The water used in these industries, as a rule, has high requirements for its chemical composition. High-quality water purification for mechanical engineering allows you to bring the liquid to the required state. Water softens, various impurities and inclusions are removed from it, the concentration of metals, minerals and other elements is reduced.
In mechanical engineering, water is used:
– in heating or cooling systems;
– in steam boilers;
– for flushing systems and equipment or transporting solids;
– for dissolution of a number of substances to the desired consistency;
Methods of industrial water treatment for mechanical engineering.
After industrial water treatment, the quality and characteristics of water improve, which positively affects the period of operation of the equipment and improves the flow of technological processes. In the chemical industry, the following methods of industrial water treatment are used:
– ultraviolet cleaning;
– sorption with the help of coal fillings;
– reverse osmosis.
UV water purification
Water treatment with ultraviolet light allows you to get rid of viruses and microorganisms present in the water. Unlike chemical methods, water treatment with ultraviolet light does not harm the ecosystem and is completely safe for human health.
Sorption with the help of coal fillings
In the process of sorption, industrial filters remove harmful impurities and chemical compounds from water. This method allows you to purify water to almost zero residual concentration of various elements. Sorption cleaning using industrial water filters cleans the environment from hydrogen sulfide, hydrocarbons, chlorine, eliminates taste and smell.
Water softening in mechanical engineering.
The process of removing ions of hardness salts (calcium and magnesium) is called softening and is carried out using industrial softener filters. There are 3 softening methods:
– Ion exchange.
Softening using industrial pressure filtration systems through an ion-exchange resin allows you to remove hardness salts from the treated medium. This prevents the formation of scale on heated surfaces and reduces the risk of deposits on the walls of pipes and equipment.
Industrial reverse osmosis plants
Semi-permeable selective membranes are used as filter elements in industrial reverse osmosis systems, which mainly let water molecules through.